Published On: Sun, Jul 8th, 2018

Oaxaca-Puebla Reserve designated UNESCO World Heritage Site

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The UNESCO World Heritage Committee has declared the Tehuacán-Cuicatlán valley a mixed heritage site, the second to be designated in Mexico. The valley is the arid or semi-arid zone with the richest biodiversity in all of North America.

Extending over 490,186 hectares and encompassing 30 municipalities in Oaxaca and 21 in Puebla, the new World Heritage site is one of the main centers of diversification for the cacti family, which is critically endangered worldwide.

The valley harbors the densest forests of columnar cacti in the world, a unique landscape that also includes agaves, yuccas and oaks. It is also the habitat of threatened animal species such as the golden eagle.

The valley also “protects close to 141 bird species, including several hummingbirds, a species that is considered an important pollinator for some cacti,” the Secretariat of the Environment and Natural Resources (Semarnat) explained on Twitter.

The cultural aspect of the site is represented by archaeological remains that demonstrate the technological developments and the early domestication of crops in the region.

MEX05.VALLE DE CUICATL¡N (M…XICO), 27/07/2017.-Vista general el domingo 16 de julio de 2017, de la reserva de la biÛsfera Tehuac·n-Cuicatl·n, en Zapotitl·n Salinas, en Puebla (MÈxico). La reserva de la biÛsfera Tehuac·n-Cuicatl·n, fue propuesta para que quede integrada en la lista de Patrimonio Mixto de la Humanidad de la OrganizaciÛn de las Naciones Unidas para la EducaciÛn, la Ciencia y la Cultura (Unesco, por sus siglas en inglÈs), en su pasada reuniÛn. La reserva de la biÛsfera Tehuac·n-Cuicatl·n comprende un ·rea de 490.000 hÈctareas, en 51 municipios (31 del estado de Oaxaca y 20 de Puebla), repartido en 400 comunidades. EFE/Hugo OrtuÒo

MEXICO.VALLE DE CUICATLAN, 27/07/2017.-Vista general el domingo 16 de julio de 2017, de la reserva de la biosfera Tehuacan-Cuicatlan, en Zapotitlan Salinas, en Puebla (Mexico).  EFE/Hugo OrtuÒo

The valley has a water management system of canals, wells, aqueducts and dams, the oldest on the continent, which has allowed for the presence of agricultural settlements. Archaeological vestiges include cave paintings, cemeteries & citadels, and come from a people that were transitioning from hunter-gatherers to a neolithic sedentary society.

The Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley has been a natural protected area since 1998, and in 2012 it was declared a biosphere reserve.

The first mixed heritage site in Mexico, inscribed in 2016, is the Ancient Maya City and Protected Tropical Forests of Calakmul in Campeche.

Source: http://www.sinembargo.mx



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